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Die laaste paar woorde van Jesus. En dit is wat hy gedoen het:

Hy het sy hande in die lug gegooi en uitgeroep: Tetelestai.

Die hele saak het my tot stilstand gebring met ‘n geweldige frons op my voorkom. Waarvan praat hierdie ou, wat is “Tetelestai”

En toe begin ek soek vir die betekenis van die woord:  In ons Afrikaanse bybel word dit vertaal as:

Dit is volbring!

Die Engelse vertaling se: It is finished.!

Dit is ook belangrik om daarop te let, net presies wat het Jesus gesê?

Hy het nie gesê, Ek is klaar nie, hy het gesê – Dit is klaar, dit is volbring….it is finished.

The work that I set out to do is finished!

Het Hy regtig die woord: “Tetelestai” uitgeroep op die kruis? Dit is baie onwaarskynlik aangesien dit ‘n Griekse woord is. Hy sou waarskynlik die Hebreeuse woord uitgeroep het. Johannes het sy saak net in Grieks gestel. Dit verander egter nie veel aan die saak nie.

Maar by nadere ondersoek sal jy vind dat die woord ‘n baie spesiale betekenis het. Dit is afgelei van die woord

“Teleo” wat beteken – om tot ‘n einde te bring, klaar te maak, voltooi of dan om jou doel te bereik.

Die woord dui op die suksesvolle afhandeling van ‘n taak of ‘n saak.

Dis ‘n woord wat jy sal gebruik as

  1. jy jou graad voltooi het, of
  2. die laaste paaiement van jou motorkar betaal het.
  3. Of ‘n berg uitgeklim het
  4. Of oor die wensstreep gegaan het na ‘n 10 km wedloop.

Maar daar is heelwat meer tot die woord as net dit. Ek sal dit vit julle in Engels voorlees sodat die betekenis daarvan nie verlore gaan nie:

“But there’s more here than the verb itself. Tetelestai is in the perfect tense in Greek. That’s significant because the perfect tense speaks of an action which has been completed in the past with results continuing into the present. It’s different from the past tense which looks back to an event and says, “This happened.” The perfect tense adds the idea that “This happened and it is still in effect today.”

When Jesus cried out “It is finished,” he meant “It was finished in the past, it is still finished in the present and it will remain finished in the future.”

Tetelestai, then, is the Savior’s final cry of victory. When he died, he left no unfinished business behind. When he said, “It is finished,” he was speaking the truth.”

Die groot vraag is nou – Wat is voltooi?

Dit hang nou natuurlik baie af van, watter skrywer se saak jy lees, want dit varieer baie, maar een goeie opsomming daarvan is in Matthew Henry se kommmetaar te vinde :

1. The malice of his enemies was finished. By nailing him to the cross, they had done their worst. There was nothing more they could do to the Son of God.

2. The sufferings ordained by God were finished. Many times during his ministry, Jesus spoke of “the work” he was sent to do and of the “hour” of trouble that was coming. He once spoke of a “baptism” of suffering he must undergo. All those things were ordained by God. None of them happened by chance. Even the evil plans of the Jews fit somehow into God’s greater plan to save the world through the death of his Son (Acts 2:23). But those sufferings were now at an end.

3. All the Old Testament types and prophecies were fulfilled. Matthew Henry lists a number of examples—He had been given vinegar to drink (Psalm 69:21), he had been sold for 30 pieces of silver (Zechariah 11:12), his hands and feet had been pierced (Psalm 22:16), his garments had been divided (Psalm 22:18), and his side was pierced (Zechariah 12:10). There are many other prophesies surrounding his death. All those had been or very soon would be fulfilled.

4. The ceremonial law was abolished. As Romans 10:4 puts it, Christ is “the end of the law.” It finds its completion and fulfillment in him. Therefore, all the Old Testament rules concerning animal sacrifices are set aside. And the rules and regulations concerning the priesthood are out of date since the Greater Priest has now laid down his life for his people. Those laws pointed to the cross. But once Jesus died, they were no longer needed. “The Mosaic economy is dissolved, to make way for a better hope.”

5. The price of sin was paid in full. Do you remember the words of John the Baptist when he saw Jesus? He called him “The lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.” (John 1:29) That “taking away” of sin was accomplishment by the death of our Lord.

6. His physical sufferings were at an end. “The storm is over, the worst is past; all his pains and agonies are at an end, and he is just going to paradise, entering upon the joy set before him.”

7. His life was now finished. When Jesus cried out “It is finished,” he had only a few seconds to live. All that he had come to do had been fully accomplished. His life and his mission came to an end at exactly the same moment.

8. The work of redemption was now complete. This is undoubtedly the major meaning. Matthew Henry expands on what Christ’s death accomplished in four statements, each one beginning with the letter F. The death of Christ provided a …

A. Full satisfaction for sin

B. Fatal blow to Satan

C. Fountain of grace opened that will flow forever

D. Foundation of peace laid that will last forever

 

Maar die woord Tetelestai het nog meer betekenis as dit!

Dit beteken ook: Die sonde van die wereld is ten volle betaal. Hierdie woord is hoofsaaklik gebruik in die 1ste en 2de eeu na Christus om aan te dui dat jou skuld ten volle betaal is.

As ‘n person in die tronk gegooi is om ‘n vonnis uit te dien is daar ‘n kaart aan sy deur vasgespyker met al sy oortredinge daarop aangeteken. Wanneer hy dan sy tyd klaar uitgedien het, het die tronkbewaarder op die kaart die woord “tetelestai” geskryf, wat beteken, ten volle betaal!

As jy dan iemand geld geskuld het, en jy het die laaste sent betaal, dan is op die kwitansie ook geskryf – Tetelestai. – die ding is nou joue!

Maar kom ons maak hierdie saak nog ‘n bietjie meer prakties:  2 Weke terug het SAP my gevra om Durban toe te gaan en vir hulle ‘n stuk werk daar te doen. Hulle het vir my ‘n vliegtuig kaartjie betaal, my kos betaal en ‘n huurmotor. Wie van julle sou lus wees om weer vir alles te betaal, nadat dit betaal is. Niemand van ons is so dom om dit te wil doen nie! As dit betaal is, is dit betaal, dan het jy mos maar net die gebruiksreg daarvan vir die tyd wat dit betaal is, nie waar nie?

So watter skuld sal jy nog vir jou sonde wil betaal, en vir watter een van jou sondes het Jesus nie betaal nie?

Woede                                                betaal                   teleo

Onbeheersde ambissie                       betaal                   teleo

Skinder                                              betaal                   teleo

Lieg, ongehoorsaamheid, trots…. En die lysie kan niet aangaan, on sweet mos – betaal              teleo

As hy dan alles betaal het, wat wil jy nog betaal?

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2018-09-21 05:00